230V Shore Power

switch

If buying an American boat be aware of the voltage difference and using shore power
American boats are wired for 110 volts you can’t plug them into our 230-volt shore power and run the internal air-con units, TVs, fridges and so on.

Check with your insurance company to see if they are compliant with New Zealand standards.

Australia: 230V     50Hz
Fiji:  240V    50Hz
New Caledonia: 220V    50Hz
New Zealand: 230V    50Hz
Samoa:  230V    50Hz
Tonga:  240V    50Hz
USA: 110V   60Hz
Vanuatu:  230V    50Hz

Voltage World List:
https://www.worldstandards.eu/electricity/plug-voltage-by-country/

Electrical Warrant of Fitness for your Boat
If you intend to leave your boat at a marina then you will need an Electrical Warrant of Fitness (EWOF). Details are below for what is required in New Zealand but you will need to check also with the marina administration as well.

https://worksafe.govt.nz/topic-and-industry/energy-safety/electrical-and-gas-safety-requirements-for-caravan-motorhome-and-boating/#lf-doc-42453

Then again if you use solar power and 12V system there is no need for shore power, is there?

 

Safer Boating Week launched

saferboating

©Maritime New Zealand

“October 17–24 has been declared Safer Boating Week this year, in what will become an annual focus on keeping boaties safe in the lead up to Labour Weekend – the traditional time to get boats and gear ready for summer.”*1

“The vast majority of recreational boating fatalities do occur on boats under 6m. It’s simply a fact that you are more vulnerable on small boats.”*2

“A total of 23 boaties died on the water last year. The same number had died this year as of yesterday.”*3

FIVE TIPS FOR STAYING SAFE ON THE WATER:

* Check your boat

* Wear your life jacket

* Take two forms of waterproof communication equipment

* Check the maritime weather forecast

* Avoid alcohol

Maritime New Zealand*1 *2
New Zealand Herald*3

Voyaging Under Power 4th Edition- Book

voyaging

©Amazon.com

Title: Voyaging Under Power
Author: Robert P. Beebe & Denis Umstot
Publisher: International Marine/Ragged Mountain Press
Date Published: January 16, 2013
Pages: 448 pages (Hardcover)
Price: NZ$40.08 (Book Depository)

Guide to cross the oceans and see the world in comfort and safety.

The Complete Anchoring Handbook: Stay Put on Any Bottom in Any Weather – Book

complete_anchoring

©www.amazon.com

Title: The Complete Anchoring Handbook: Stay Put on Any Bottom in Any Weather
Author: Alain Poiraud, Achim Ginsberg-Klemmt, Erika Ginsberg-Klemmt
Publisher: International Marine/ Ragged Mountain Press
Date Published: 2007
Pages: 256
Price: US$11.49 (Amazon.com) Kindle Version

For sailing boats, planing boats and displacement boats. For everyone who wants to anchor in a bay and sleep well without waking up every few hours and getting up to check the anchor!
Has it dragged?
Will I hit the boat next door?
Am I going to hit the rocks in the night?
Whether you have an anchor on your boat already or you are looking at buying a boat this book will advise you in choosing the correct anchor for the conditions where you are anchoring and how to anchor properly. You may find it encouraging finding that you already have the right size,weight and style but if you have purchased this book or are thinking then perhaps your boat has already dragged in the night. Get a good night’s sleep with the right anchor. How about the chain? I have the kindle version but I may just get the paperback too.

 

Bowline Knot

Image
Knot: Bowline
When: Used to tie a mooring line from a boat to a post, a very reliable knot
A knot that you need to be able to tie with your eyes closed or in the dark. You may arrive at a marina at night.
A knot that you need to know for the Day Skipper Certificate Course,  New Zealand

Is this a left or a right handed knot?
How to tie a bowline instructions here

Sea Survival – Book

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Title: Sea Survival Handbook
Author: Keith Colwell
Publisher: The Royal Yachting Association
Date Published: 2010
Pages: 160
Price: NZ$25.70 (Book Depository)

Written as a course book for the one day course in Sea Survival.
A common sense approach to sea survival explained well to the complete novice with plenty of diagrams. Knowing what to do if an emergency situation occurs could mean the difference between life and death. We hope it never comes to that but being prepared is in our own best interest. Help is not always there when you need it so knowledge in helping yourself is vital.

Flood Tide – Book

flood_tide
Title: Flood Tide
Author: Heather Heberley
Publisher: Cape Catley
Date Published: 1997
Pages: 260
Price: NZ$19.47 (Fishpond.co.nz)

A sequel to the autobiography Weather Permitting by Heather Heberley. Heather talks in more detail about her family and their adventures living off the land and the sea. She goes into the history of her husband’s family and the relationship with Arapawa Island in the Marlborough Sounds at the top of the South Island, New Zealand

The Survival Float

If you happen to find yourself in the water without a flotation device/life jacket then the best way of floating while in rough, open water is the survival float or the face down float. This style of floating allows you to conserve your energy so you can stay in the water for longer.  Variations for individual buoyancy can be accomplished by adjusting the legs by drawing them up toward the chest or extending them out and adjusting the arms by extending them or drawing them in towards the chest. These actions balance the floater around the chest, the center of buoyancy.
In calmer waters lying on your back or back floating is best.

Read more: here

The Reef (2010)

thereef

The Reef (2010)

Australian Horror Film, based on true events of a similar incident in 1983.
A very good B rate suspense film.
Watching this film from a boating perspective gave it an extra dimension. I did go to sleep thinking briefly that I would never go in the sea again. But by morning all was forgotten. Brilliant short term memory!

A delivery skipper is moving a sailing vessel from Australia to Indonesia. He invites along for the ride, one experienced sailor,  a former girlfriend, and her brother and his wife. Making a total of five people. And things go wrong….

NAVIGATING USING A WATCH
I learnt something while watching a horror film. No, no, no, it wasn’t to run towards the strange sound in the darkness. I mean something practical like finding direction using your watch. It’s a pity at the moment that I prefer to use my digital watch while at sea which wouldn’t be very helpful in an emergency. Oh well at least I would know the time and it is waterproof after all.  There is a difference  between whether you are in the southern or northern hemispheres though. In the film they were in Australia so the skipper held his watch horizontally, pointed the number twelve on his watch towards the sun, noted the direction between the hour hand and the twelve and that was north. You can check for yourself if you happen to be in the northern hemisphere. But tell me what happens if you are near the equator? What then?

One point I did take away with me in the film was that having flippers and a snorkel mask on board is rather handy. A wet suit would be useful too if you are into diving or snorkeling or boat bottom cleaning.

If you happen to be in the water with a shark nearby, and there are other people in the water with you, you should all come together in a huddle, giving the appearance of being larger than reality. Facing the shark might deter it. But I personally would rather look away. They say with a bear you should always face it and walk away slowly. Not that I have ever encountered a bear or a shark.

But what went wrong?

(SPOILER ALERT – kind of)

DIDN’T CHECK THE CHARTS
The skipper wanting to impress his ex-girlfriend and takes them on a detour to an island with a reef on the first day of the journey. A reef that he has never been to before. He doesn’t check the tides properly or the depth of the water for anchoring. He is too busy trying to impress.

NO LIFE RAFT
He is skippering a boat into international waters, he needs to have a life raft surely to be able to leave Australian waters.

OLD EPRIB (Emergency Position Radio Indicating Beacon)
He has one on board but it only works if there is a plane flying overhead according to the skipper in the film.

NO LIFE JACKETS
How he can be a skipper I have no idea. There were no life jackets on board. They did however have wetsuits for all on board.

NO FRESH WATER
Skipper and others swam away to find Turtle Island without water. They had one tiny bottle between five people. Dehydration alert.

NO METHOD OF COMMUNICATION
There was no VHF radio, no portable secondary mode of communication.

NO FLARES

NO NAVIGATION RECHECKS
The skipper lined up the 12 hand on his watch and found north, but part way through his swimming to the island he had to deal with a shark and he was facing all directions under the sun. Disorientated I would say. He then swam off again towards Turtle Island, an island that you couldn’t see on the horizon. So in theory he should have been checking each time they stopped.

There may have been more errors but that’s enough I think to get into a spot of trouble. Could there be more? Watch it yourself. Enjoy!

Mooring securely

mooring

Swing Mooring, Pile Mooring or Marina Berth?
…………………………………………………………
SWING MOORING

Suitable for boat up to 40′ (12m) or thereabouts but could be used for boat up to 60′ (18m)
The weight is proportional to the size of the boat
Mooring is inspected every three years or more often depending on the council regulations
Mooring Inspection Certificate required
Locate a mooring thinking about the tidal range, spring tide, winds, bottom conditions, low tide conditions, Does it dry out?
A new mooring can be laid or an existing mooring can be bought/rented
Mostly Council Owned but there are some privately owned swing mooring

COSTS: prices will vary depending on location and date (40’/12m boat example)
Access of Use (Buy): NZ$1600-$2000 for a new mooring
Annual Fee: NZ$202.40 (council owned)
Transfer of Ownership: NZ$50 (if buying an existing mooring)
Mooring Inspection: NZ$200+
OR
Rent: NZ$70-100/month

PROs
Economical
Easy to moor/launch

CONs
No power
No fresh water washing hoses
To access the boat you need to travel by dinghy
Exposure to the elements
Possibility of coming lose in a storm
Possibility of neighbouring boat coming lose
Security monitoring lower
………………………………………………………………….
PILE MOORING
suitable for boats 40′ – 60′ (12-16m)
Pile fenders can be placed
Mostly council owned but there are some privately owned swing mooring

COSTS: prices will vary depending on location and date (40’/12m boat example)
Access of Use (Buy): None available, waiting list(council owned)
Annual Fee: NZ$747.50
Transfer of Ownership: NZ$50 (if buying an existing mooring)
OR
Rent: NZ$294.50/month (privately owned)

PROs
Economical, cheaper than a marina berth, yet more expensive than a swing mooring

CONs
No power
No fresh water washing hoses
To access the boat you need to travel by dinghy
………………………………………………………………….
MARINA BERTH
suitable for boats 27′ and above (8m and above)
Dock wheels can be fitted
Corner fenders can be fitted
Side fenders can be fitted to finger
Dinghy rack can be fitted to finger
Electrical Warrant of Fitness Certificate required to hook up to 240v at power outlet (valid for 4 years), cost NZ$80

COSTS: prices will vary depending on location and date (40’/12m boat example)
Access of Use (Buy): NZ$20,000 and up (privately owned)
Annual Fee: NZ$$3,600 and up
Transfer of Ownership: 1,440 or thereabouts
OR
Rent: NZ$$600/month and up (privately owned)
$540 in Bayswater
$623.10 in Westhaven
$531 in Westpark
$805.50 in Orakei
$480 in Gulf Harbour (as at 2008)
$520 in Pine Harbour
$558 in Half Moon Bay
$510 in Opua
$780 in Waikawa, Havelock and Picton but that is visitor rates, contact office for lease rates

PROs
Power
Fresh water hose access
Access to boat via finger or pier
Security cameras and security guards
More sheltered from the elements
Live aboard option
Berth holder car parking
WiFi access
laundry services
rubbish bins
close to self service fuel station
sheltered from waves by a breakwater

CONs
More expensive than both swing mooring and pile mooring
If Buying/Access of Use the contract is a leasehold and will most likely be valid for 10-30years (dependent on when you purchase) then at the end of the lease you will need to repurchase
………………………………………………………………..
If you have suggestions or corrections, do tell.